What is Colitis?
Colitis is nothing more than an inflammation in the large intestine, which is characterized by the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms, both of the upper digestive tract and the lower digestive tract; these symptoms are recurrent and present with abdominal pain and bloating. Important alterations also predominate when going to the bathroom, either with diarrhea or constipation. When we talk about nervous colitis immediately we think that it occurs because the person is nervous, but this is not the case. “Rather it is an alteration of the nerves of the colon, which causes it to become inflamed and all other symptoms of this syndrome are derived” although it should be noted that stress is a very important factor in the irritable colon, in fact It is one of the main triggers of symptoms.
For example, when we are absent or when we have a concern we can feel cramping, which can accelerate bowel movement and consequently modify our habits.
Colitis Gender Issue?
The irritable bowel is more frequent in women; it is a double proportion in relation to men. What is this about? Mainly, to customs. Although women, in general, take more care of their eating habits, the reality is that they leave large periods of time without eating and this must be added that they undergo more diets to lose weight, so they constantly alter their diet.
Recognize the Symptoms of Colitis:
Colitis is diagnosed by discarding, that is, other possible metabolic, diabetic or structural disorders are eliminated, and that is, there is no other obstruction problem. The doctor will request clinical tests to rule out infectious inflammatory disorders caused by parasites and also ask about the frequency and intensity of the symptoms, some questions that the doctor will ask you will be the following:
- Is there pain or discomfort in the abdomen?
- Is there abdominal bloating?
- Is the abdomen stiff?
- Do the symptoms get worse with certain foods?
- Do discomforts decrease after evacuation?
- Are there changes in the shape or appearance of bowel movements?
- Is there effort or need to run to the bathroom?
- Do you go to the bathroom too many times?
Your doctor will determine the treatment to follow. In the case of those who suffer from constipation, a laxative containing fiber will be indicated and for the pain they will be prescribed an antispasmodic, although its use is not for a prolonged period, in fact, the patient responds favorably between eight and ten days of treatment . If the person continues with the discomfort despite the management, then more specific studies will be performed, such as colonoscopy to rule out alterations such as polyps, ulcerations or diverticula.
Diet to Control Colitis:
Of course, the diet is a key piece in the recovery, certain foods such as coffee, irritants such as chili (in all its varieties and presentations) and excess fats will be removed, we will have to add some fiber, Enough fluid and some exercise such as walking or cycling. Lactose is another producer not friendly with patients with colitis, so you have to eliminate all dairy, it can be a bit difficult, especially if you love products such as milk, yogurt or cheeses, but fortunately we can find excellent substitutes such as Soy or almond milk. Also, legumes, such as lentils, beans, beans and peas, must be removed from the diet. Popcorn and corn will also be discarded. Avoid large meals.
“That skipping a meal and then eating double is not at all healthy and much less when suffering from colitis”.
It is best to eat at least four or five times a day, in small portions. Add fruits and vegetables, especially those that help digestion and move the intestine, such as papaya, prunes and tamarind, although the latter must be valued because it could cause cramping. An orange juice with papaya in the morning is a great way to start the day. The most important thing is that you identify those foods with which you do not feel well and eliminate them from your daily diet.